Artificial intelligence (AI) represents a strong tool for the analysis and the use of site data with the aim of creating new and innovative business solutions. Today, AI is used to improve the reliability of components, to implement maintenance, to increase the lifespan of machinery products, to optimise energy efficiency, and to adapt production to customer demand.
The Artificial Intelligence Act proposal, laying down harmonised rules on artificial intelligence, was initially published as part of a legislative package including the new Machinery Regulation proposal to ensure the safe integration of AI systems into machinery. The negotiations on the AI Act were then decoupled from those on the draft machinery regulation, but CECE continues to monitor closely the developments on the file.
CECE advocates for a definition of AI as a system set to use software, which operates with elements of autonomy (machine-based inputs along with human-based inputs) based on a clear set of objectives.
In addition, we recommend classifying as “high-risk AI” the systems with self-evolving behaviour where AI is the main safety component. CECE believes a clear distinction between AI systems generating decisions as an output and AI systems generating recommendations and predictions is fundamental. The high-risk AI category should be restricted to systems where no human intervention is required to convert the recommendation into an output.